Climate

Human activity is causing substantial changes in climate that are expected to increase in magnitude over the coming century. These changes are known to threaten many of the essential processes on which humanity depends, including food production. However, the ways in which societal responses might exacerbate or ameliorate these threats are relatively poorly understood because the methods used to understand climate impacts, adaptation and mitigation do not take proper account of human responses. This research addresses this gap by focusing on the two-way interactions between human land use and climate change.

Scientific significance

The dynamics of human systems – particularly the land system – are poorly understood at present, and poorly represented in models and future climate change scenarios. The feedbacks between climate and land use / societal dynamics are, therefore, only crudely recognized and hence, require far more exploration. The modelling of future land use – climate interactions will be a substantial improvement in projecting future climate and societal changes, as well as in methods that move beyond simple economic optimisation. This framework will include new machine learning and remote sensing methods that are required to build interfaces across the land and climate systems.  

Societal relevance

Understanding the impacts of climate change on human societies (and the ecosystem services they depend upon), and identifying how those societies can best limit and cope with climate change, is of fundamental societal relevance. This relates directly to a number of policy agendas from regional to global levels, particularly through the work of the IPCC. The provision of information and tools to support policy development will make this work of considerable applied, as well as academic, importance. In the future, we will focus on marginalised regions to address climate-change-induced issues such as under-development, migration, and natural disasters.

News

Satellites help monitor corn and soybeans growth condition in the US

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Milano, Oslo, London - Satellites, Vertical Farms and Natural Capital

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GLP-OSM: Six talks, two sessions, one winner!

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Paris climate goals paper in the news

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Paris climate change targets likely to be missed

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Greening paper goes viral

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China and India dominate in greening the Earth

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Why is biodiversity important?

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Benefits of linking socio‐ecological models

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Contact

Mark Rounsevell

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Bumsuk Seo

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Climate Publications

2018
Henry, R. C.; Engström, K.; Olin, S.; Alexander, P.; Arneth, A.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.
Food supply and bioenergy production within the global cropland planetary boundary.
2018. (P. C. Struik, Ed.)PLoS one, 13 (3), Art. Nr.: e0194695. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0194695Full text Full text of the publication as PDF document
Li, S.; Juhász-Horváth, L.; Pintér, L.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.; Harrison, P. A.
Modelling regional cropping patterns under scenarios of climate and socio-economic change in Hungary.
2018. The science of the total environment, 622-623, 1611–1620. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.038
2017
Blanco, V.; Holzhauer, S.; Brown, C.; Lagergren, F.; Vulturius, G.; Lindeskog, M.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.
The effect of forest owner decision-making, climatic change and societal demands on land-use change and ecosystem service provision in Sweden.
2017. Ecosystem Services, 23, 174–208. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.12.003
Brown, C.; Alexander, P.; Holzhauer, S.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.
Behavioral models of climate change adaptation and mitigation in land-based sectors.
2017. Wiley interdisciplinary reviews / Climate change, 8 (2), Art.Nr. e448. doi:10.1002/wcc.448
2016
Harrison, P. A.; Dunford, R. W.; Holman, I. P.; Rounsevell, M.
Climate change impact modelling needs to include cross-sectoral interactions.
2016. Nature climate change, 6 (9), 885–890. doi:10.1038/nclimate3039
Engström, K.; Olin, S.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.; Brogaard, S.; van Vuuren, D. P.; Alexander, P.; Murray-Rust, D.; Arneth, A.
Assessing uncertainties in global cropland futures using a conditional probabilistic modelling framework.
2016. Earth System Dynamics, 7 (4), 893–915. doi:10.5194/esd-7-893-2016Full text Full text of the publication as PDF document
Alexander, P.; Brown, C.; Arneth, A.; Finnigan, J.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.
Human appropriation of land for food : The role of diet.
2016. Global environmental change, 41, 88–98. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.09.005
2015
Harter, D. E. V.; Irl, S. D. H.; Seo, B.; Steinbauer, M. J.; Gillespie, R.; Triantis, K. A.; Fernández-Palacios, J.-M.; Beierkuhnlein, C.
Impacts of global climate change on the floras of oceanic islands – Projections, implications and current knowledge.
2015. Perspectives in plant ecology, evolution and systematics, 17 (2), 160–183. doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2015.01.003