Anthropogenic global change is causing rapid declines in biodiversity, which threaten the capacity of ecosystems to provide the services fundamental for human existence. This research will take an interdisciplinary approach to explore feedbacks between the way humans use land and the impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services under global change. There will be a particular focus on pollination, which represents an important example of an essential, but threatened, ecosystem service.
The interactions between global change, biodiversity and ecosystem services are poorly understood, largely because research must take strongly inter-disciplinary approaches to address them. This work will take advantage of inter-disciplinary methods within the institute to establish a generally-relevant framework for projecting these interactions. In the case of pollinators, research will locate the most vulnerable pollinator populations and help to identify appropriate, targeted management options or policy interventions to mitigate the impacts on these populations.
Given the expected rate and magnitude of future global change, it is essential to design strategies that allow for the continued resilience of human and natural systems, to which ecosystem services are fundamental. Pollinator-dependent crops contribute to 35% of global food production, with an annual market value of $235bn to $577bn worldwide. Additionally, almost 90% of wild flowering plants, themselves critical components of ecosystems, depend on pollinators. Providing further information on trade-offs and synergies between pollinators and other ecosystem services will help decision-makers in their spatial planning for biodiversity conservation.
Blind spots in ecosystem services research and challenges for implementation [in press].
2019. Regional environmental change. doi:10.1007/s10113-018-1457-9
Mapping cultural ecosystem services 2.0 – Potential and shortcomings from unlabeled crowd sourced images.
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Coupled land use and ecological models reveal emergence and feedbacks in socio-ecological systems.
2018. Ecography. doi:10.1111/ecog.04039
Bright spots in agricultural landscapes: Identifying areas exceeding expectations for multifunctionality and biodiversity.
2018. Journal of applied ecology, 55 (6), 2731–2743. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.13191
Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control.
2018. Nature Sustainability, 1 (7), 361–368. doi:10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4
Reviewing the evidence base for the effects of woodland expansion on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the United Kingdom.
2018. Forest ecology and management, 430, 366–379. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2018.08.003
Contrasting effects of space and environment on functional and phylogenetic dissimilarity in a tropical forest.
2018. Journal of plant ecology, 12 (2), 314–326. doi:10.1093/jpe/rty026
Monitoring neonicotinoid exposure for bees in rural and peri-urban areas of the UK during the transition from pre- to post-moratorium.
2018. Environmental science & technology, 52 (16), 9391–9402. doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b06573
Green Gold to Wild Woodlands; understanding stakeholder visions for woodland expansion in Scotland [in press].
2018. Landscape ecology. doi:10.1007/s10980-018-0674-4
Larval exposure to the neonicotinoid imidacloprid impacts adult size in the farmland butterfly Pieris brassicae.
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Intra-specific relatedness, spatial clustering and reduced demographic performance in tropical rainforest trees.
2018. Ecology letters. doi:10.1111/ele.13086
A taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic perspective on the community assembly of passerine birds along an elevational gradient in southwest China.
2018. Ecology and evolution, 8 (5), 2712–2720. doi:10.1002/ece3.3910
The Neonicotinoid Insecticide Thiacloprid Impacts upon Bumblebee Colony Development under Field Conditions.
2017. Environmental science & technology, 51 (3), 1727–1732. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b04791
Lack of phylogenetic signals within environmental niches of tropical tree species across life stages.
2017. Scientific reports, 7, 42007. doi:10.1038/srep42007
Snow damage to the canopy facilitates alien weed invasion in a subtropical montane primary forest in southwestern China.
2017. Forest ecology and management, 391, 275–281. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2017.02.031
The effect of forest owner decision-making, climatic change and societal demands on land-use change and ecosystem service provision in Sweden.
2017. Ecosystem Services, 23, 174–208. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.12.003
Behavioral models of climate change adaptation and mitigation in land-based sectors.
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Neonicotinoid pesticide limits improvement in buzz pollination by bumblebees.
2017. Scientific reports, 7 (1), Article no 15562. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14660-x
Lifestyle, habitat and farmers’ risk of exposure to tick bites in an endemic area of tick-borne diseases in Hungary.
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Could consumption of insects, cultured meat or imitation meat reduce global agricultural land use?.
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Losses, inefficiencies and waste in the global food system.
2017. Agricultural systems, 153, 190–200. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2017.01.014
Scale-dependent effects of landscape composition and configuration on natural enemy diversity, crop herbivory, and yields.
2016. Ecological applications, 26 (2), 448–462. doi:10.1890/15-0856
A quantitative review of relationships between ecosystem services.
2016. Ecological indicators, 66, 340–351. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.02.004
Hotspots of uncertainty in land-use and land-cover change projections: a global-scale model comparison.
2016. Global change biology, 22 (12), 3967–3983. doi:10.1111/gcb.13337
Human appropriation of land for food : The role of diet.
2016. Global environmental change, 41, 88–98. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.09.005
Evaluating potential policies for the UK perennial energy crop market to achieve carbon abatement and deliver a source of low carbon electricity.
2015. Biomass and bioenergy. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.04.025